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Royalty at the time of the Vikings

--
The Royals
King Reign In Brief
Offa 757
to
796
Offa, king of Mercia seized the throne after a civil war, and established supremacy over many lesser kings.
Egbert
King of Wessex
802
to
839
As King of Wessex, Egbert inherited the mantle of 'bretwalda' - an Anglo-Saxon term meaning a ruler with overall superiority to other rulers.
Ethelwulf

839
to
856

Ethelwulf was the son of Egbert. At Ethelwulf's request, his four sons each became king in turn.

Ethelbald 856
to
860

Ethelbald was the eldest son of Ethelwulf. He took over his father's authority in 855 and married Judith, daughter of Charles the Bald, king of the Franks, who was also his stepmother.

Ethelburt 860
to
866

Ethelbert was Ethelbald's brother. He ruled from 860 to 866.

Ethelred 866
to
871
Ethelred was another brother of Ethelbald, ruling from 866 to 871. He was the third son of Ethelwulf to wear the mantle of kingship.
Alfred The Great
Alfred The Great
The Royal Collection © 2004,
Her Majesty
Queen Elizabeth II

871
to
899
Born at Wantage, Berkshire, in 849, Alfred was the fifth son of Aethelwulf, king of the West Saxons.
Edward
(the Elder)
Edward
The Royal Collection © 2004,
Her Majesty
Queen Elizabeth II
899
to
924

Well-trained by Alfred, Edward 'the Elder' was a bold soldier who defeated the Danes in Northumbria at Tettenhall in 910.

Athelstan
Athelstan
The Royal Collection © 2004,
Her Majesty
Queen Elizabeth II

924
to
939

Athelstan was a distinguished and audacious soldier who pushed the boundaries of the kingdom to their furthest extent yet.

Edmund I 939
to
946

When Athelstan died without immediate successors, his half brother Edmund successfully suppressed rebellions by the Mercian Danes.

Edred 946
to
955
Like his successor, his brother Edmund I, Edred also dealt with trouble from Danes in the north.
Edwy 955
to
959

Edmund I's elder son, Edwy, was crowned by Oda, Archbishop of Canterbury. He died before he was 20.

Edgar
Edgar
The Royal Collection © 2004, Her Majesty
Queen Elizabeth II

959
to
975

Edgar, king in Mercia and the Danelaw from 957, succeeded his brother as king of the English on Edwy's death in 959.

Edward II
The Martyr
Edward II
© British Museum
975
to
979

The sudden death of Edgar at the age of 33 led to a succession dispute between his sons Edward and Ethelred. The elder son Edward was murdered in 978 by his seven-year-old half-brother's supporters.

Ethelred II
(The Unready)
Ethelred II
The Royal Collection © 2004,
Her Majesty
Queen Elizabeth II

979
to
1013

and

1014
to
1016

Ethelred, the younger son of Edgar, became king at the age of seven and known as the Un-raed or 'Unready' (meaning 'no counsel', or that he was unwise).

Sweyn
(Forkbeard)
1013
to
1014

The son of a Danish king, Sweyn began conquering territory in England in 1003. The English nobility became so disillusioned with their existing king, Ethelred 'The Unready', that they acknowledged Sweyn as king.

Edmund II
(Ironside)
Apr
to
Nov
1016

Edmund Ironside was the son of Ethelred 'The Unready' and his first wife, Elfgifu.

Canute
(The Great)
Canute
The Royal Collection © 2004,
Her Majesty
Queen Elizabeth II
1016
to
1035
The son of Sweyn became undisputed King of England and his rivals (Ethelred's surviving sons and Edmund's son) fled abroad.
Harold Harefoot 1035
to
1040

Harold Harefoot was the son of Canute and his first wife, Elfgifu. The brothers began by sharing the kingdom of England after their father's death.

Hardicanute 1035
to
1042

Harthacnut was the son of Canute and his second wife, Emma, the widow of Ethelred II. His father intended Hardicanute to become king of the English in preference to his elder brother Harold Harefoot.

Edward III
(the Confessor)
Edward III
The Royal Collection © 2004,
Her Majesty
Queen Elizabeth II
1042
to
1066

In 1042 Edward 'the Confessor' became King. As the surviving son of Ethelred and his second wife, Emma, he was a half-brother of Hardicanute.

Harold II
Harold II
The Royal Collection © 2004, Her Majesty
Queen Elizabeth II
Jan
to
Oct
1066

On Edward's death, the King's Council confirmed Edward's brother-in-law Harold, Earl of Wessex, as King.

Edgar Atheling
Oct
to
Dec
1066
Edgar the Atheling was a grandson of Edmund II Ironside and a great-grandson of Ethelred 'The Unready'.
Sourced from the Official Web Site of the British Monarchy

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A very special thanks to Hull Local Studies Library for their help with our research projects.